Low Pressure Tire SUV
These cars are called <All-terrain vehicles on low-pressure tires > or by the same way, <snow-and-swamp vehicles >
Last week we saw the story about this kind of cars, you can see it here, or here in Spanish
It is the only category in drivingyourdream that allows cars with the size of a truck due to the big size of cars in general in this category. We are going to see modern Small volume car manufacturers, most are currently in production, others have stopped production a few years ago
140 Repair Plant - Pegas (ПЕГАС)
Pegas is a snow and swamp-going vehicle designed to move people and cargo in difficult terrain conditions (swampy terrain, terrain with deep snow). Snow and swamp-going vehicle has a positive buoyancy, it is equipped with a central tire inflation system, and built-in transmission inter-axle locks of all axes together with low ground pressure that allow to cross any terrain.
On the base chassis is possible a realization of any execution on request of the customer (cargo van, passenger compartment, open or tilt covered platform), as well as special executions (ambulance, fire truck, etc.). This < snow and swamp-going vehicle > can be equipped with various additional equipments (air conditioning system, satellite navigation, radio communication system and so forth). This car is made in Belarus
2 - Agrobat
Agrobat is a Ukrainian vehicle that it's in the thin line between a cargo car or a tractor. It is designed for agricultural tasks, but it also works as a Cargo truck, so we include it within our criteria
This is an all- terrain vehicle that carries people and goods in all climatic zones from an ambient temperature of -40 ° С to + 45 ° С and humidity up to 90% at a temperature of + 27 ° С.
You can also find this car under the following names: РМУ "Капелька-У, Droplet U (КАПЕЛЬКА-У ), UESM Rosa (УЕСМ РОСА ) regarding the model, or under ООО "АГРОБАТ (Lcc Agrobat) regarding the manufacturer
3 - Arktiktrans
We saw in the last post why Arkitktrans was an important actor in the story of this kind of cars. At the beginning of its activities, Arktiktrans produced more than 1.500 all-terrain vehicles and << snow and swamp vehicles on low-pressure tires >> , such as Arktiktrans Lopasnya (Лопасня ), Lopasnya-M and cargo snow and swamp vehicles Mamontenok and Mamontenok-M
Currently Arktiktrans produces a wide range of low-pressure tires of its own production, but the cars are no longer in production. The low-pressure tires produced are used on cross-country vehicles, such as single-seat all-terrain vehicles and mini tractors, serial and homemade snow and swamp vehicles, agricultural machines and sprayers
4 - Aton Impulse
Aton Impulse has developed vehicles capable to meet almost any requirement. The basic model of a new range of amphibious off-road vehicles is the Viking-2992.
Aton Viking is road legal as a conventional car, off-road capable to cross water obstacles like a tracked vehicle and amphibious. The Vehicle handles with extreme conditions easily. Viking is a personnel and cargo SUV to remote areas regardless natural, climatic and weather conditions.
Viking combines Vehicle Type Approval, allowing it to operate on road as a standard car, with off-road ability comparable to tracked vehicles and world-leading amphibious capabilities.
5 - AV Toro
Unmatched off-roading capabilities are a consequence of implementing independent suspension for each of the wheels. The vehicle equipped with low pressure tires easily travels through marshes, tundra, rivers, shallow lakes, etc.
In order to get over water obstacles, AV Toros Shaman can be equipped with a screw-propeller enhancing its naval speed up to 4.3 mph. The vehicle has a hermetic boat-formed frame armed with high-performance water pumps (pumping up to 200 liters per minute) that remove water from the frame. Special flaps provide emergent water drop if convenient. Amphibious vehicles are ideal for extreme weather conditions.
The new steering system also supports multiple turning modes (all wheels turn), which by improving the maneuverability allowed to avoid oversteering (rear wheels are set to straight-ahead position) while driving the ATV at high speed. To move across marshland and to avoid wheels hitting the front wheel track a special drive mode is implemented which was called «crab». Thus, the all-roader could move sideways. Each wheel moves in its track.
In drivingyourdream, we listed this car as the 15 most unusual alternative cars - it can move along like a crab!
6 - Bars
The author of russian buggy Bars is the engineer Alexander Balandin. According to the designer, he wanted to create a special all-terrain vehicle suitable for mountain rescues. This car have got a lightweight frame and soft tires
The machine is available in two versions: 2-seater or 4-seater.
The width of the all-terrain vehicle is 2.45 meters, and the distance between the axles is 2.6 meters. Bars is equipped with a VAZ-2108 gasoline carburetor engine with a volume of 1289 cm3. and a power of 70 hp.
7 - Berkut (СБХ Беркут 8)
Snow-and-swamp vehicle Golden Eagle 8 - an all-terrain vehicle for which there are no obstacles! A vehicle on ultra-low pressure wheels,a two-link floating machine with a balancing suspension and a breaking frame.
8 - Bronto (Бронто ) / VTS Marsh (ВТС МАРШ)
Marsh snow and swamp vehicles operate in all climatic zones with any terrain. High cross - country ability of the snow and swamp vehicle , achieved by all-wheel drive, special transmission features and properties of ultra-low pressure tires. Marsh moves freely in deep snow, loose sand and easily overcomes water barriers.
They are manufactured on the basis of Lada-21214 and Lada-21310 vehicles .
9 - Gheo-O
Gheo-O build three different model lines
Ghe-O Rescue, an off-road extreme solution for saving up to eleven persons, extinguish a fire and provide medical support
Ghe-O Firefighter that represents the ideal command and control on-site solution, for access in the most demanding and extreme off-road environment.
Ghe-O Motorsport, with a serie of models designed for extreme class competition or simply for extreme off road exploration with all adrenaline involved.
10 - Lesnikvologda Forester (ЛЕСНИК)
The Forester Snow and Swamp is certified for serial production and more than two hundred vehicles had been produced. When creating them, they primarily thought about the simplicity of design, reliability, excellent cross-country ability and buoyancy of all-terrain vehicles, while maintaining an affordable cost.
The Forester all-terrain vehicle is a wheeled all-terrain vehicle on ultra-low pressure tires. Depending on the model, tires with dimensions of 1300mm and 1600mm are installed.
The Forester all-terrain vehicle is designed for use in all climatic conditions, on all types of grounds. All models of the Forester all-terrain vehicles are equipped with ultra-low pressure tires that do not destroy the landscape and do not spoil the soil and have excellent off-road patency due to the large contact surface of the wheel. Moreover, on a hard surface, thoses all-terrain vehicle develops high transport speed for this type of vehicle.
11 - Litvina
Litvina is a terrain vehicle designed to transport goods and people in all climate zones at ambient temperatures of -40 ° C to +45 ° C and humidity up to 90%. It can run both on roads and off the paved roads. Also on any ground surfaces, boggy ground, loose sand and snowy virgin snow, without damaging tundra of vegetation, as well as to overcome water obstacles.
12 - Makar
Exclusive wheels on low-pressure tires are suitable for movement on difficult terrain and water.
Before mass production, the model passed field tests in real expeditions.
Burlak is a Russian Small series car manufacturer and they offered the car in three configurations: expedition, cargo and industrial.
13 - Maz-Man
The Maz-Man БМЕ-1015 is made in Belarus
The construction of these snow and swamp-going vehicles allows you to move around the water, swampy terrain, on open and ice-covered tundras. Movement on the water is carried out due to the rotation of the wheels, optionally the propeller driven by the engine is installed on the car With a propeller, the speed of the water reaches 8 km / h. The direction of movement is changed by the front wheels.
BME snowbaths use pneumatic tires of ultra-low pressure of dimension 1400x750-610, which were specially developed for snowbaths. The tires were tested in the most difficult operating conditions
14 - Petrovich (ПЕТРОВИЧ)
Petrovich is a Russian Small volume car manufacturer. The main feature of their all-terrain vehicles is high cross-country ability. With “Cracket” you can easily overcome water barriers, snowy gaps and deep snow, mountain climbs, marshy swamps, difficult forest and routes. The confirmed operating temperature from -60 to + 50 +С; and with the active buoyancy it can reach speed of movement on the water up to 5 km / h. It has a spacious and roomy cabin with a capacity of up to 12 passengers.
15 - Predator (Хищник)
A predator is a snow and swamp vehicle on ultra-low pressure wheels. Due to the volume of tires, it keeps itself confidently in the water, and thanks to the contact surface, which is several times larger than a standard SUV, minimal pressure is created on the ground. Thanks to this, it moves confidently on a weak swamp as well as in the snow. Snow and swamp Predator is an all-terrain vehicle that operate year-round. At the same time, it confidently moves both on public roads and in conditions of complete impassibility
16 - Romb4x4
The first model of the all-terrain vehicle Rom 4x4 was made in 2013. Romb all-terrain vehicles are wheeled all-terrain vehicles on ultra-low pressure in a tubeless design, which helps to overcome difficult terrain, designed for fishermen, hunters, outdoor enthusiasts, to deliver goods to hard-to-reach areas, to collect mushrooms and berries, and everyone who needs overcome the terrain. All-terrain vehicles are equipped with engines of 15 - 27 l / c air cooling from Lifan and with CVT 4-speed transmission.
17 - Sherp
Sherp is an all-terrain vehicle that will impress everyone with its super-walkability, and it is smaller than it appears at first glance . Sherp easily overcomes boulders, fallen trees and other obstacles up to 70 cm in height. Amphibious SUV has ultra-low pressure tires. It floats perfectly, passes through swamps and deep snow without difficulty, and is also able to easily get out of the water on ice. On this trouble-free car, they repeatedly reached the place where a person’s foot had not stepped.
A special feature of the SUV is the construction that connects all the tires to the air passages, where the pressure in the tires is divided in the event of an obstacle, which greatly increases the capabilities of the SUV.
18 - SKB Gazstroymashina
For over 30 years, the Gazstroymashina Special Design Bureau has been working manufacturing All-Terrain vehicles on tires of extra low pressure.
They started their experiments on wheeled vehicles in 1990, by installing wheels from a Kirov truck on standard axles. That design itself did not pass the test, UAZ bridges failed, although the car was moving very well. Subsequently, they made a combined bridge, which partially solved the problem, but did not eliminate it 100%. Then they created an onboard gearbox of a special design. This equipment does not significantly increase the mass of the entire car and allows you to install wheels with a diameter of up to 1300 mm, without threatening the transmission and driving axles in particular.
To date, the production of leading bridges of a special design, suitable for snow and swamp, has been mastered. The main focus during the development was on reliability, therefore, their trouble-free operation can be guaranteed even with wheels with a diameter of 1750 mm.
The SKB-400 family was created for operation in harsh conditions of heavy off-road, rough terrain, and complete lack of roads. High adaptability to operation in extreme conditions, phenomenal cross-country ability makes all-terrain vehicles indispensable helpers in a wide variety of fields, from working to sports and entertainment. Hunters and fishermen will easily reach the cherished places. Due to its low weight, the SKB-400 can be delivered off-road before the start of the route using any car with a trailer equipped with brakes.
19 - Trekol
All-terrain vehicles on low-pressure tires since the beginning of the 80s of the XXth century have become a worthy alternative to tracked vehicles. Due to the large contact surface, the low-pressure air passage significantly exceeds the cross-country ability of the model with ordinary tire pressure carefully treats the soil. The company Trekol presents snow and swamp vehicles on ultra-low pressure tires of their own production using unique technology.
20 - TTX Atlanta (ТТХ АТЛАНТА9)
TTX Atlanta 6x6 all-terrain vehicle (VTS) on ultra-low pressure pneumatic wheel-propellers is designed to carry out transportation on all types of roads and terrain (including soils with low bearing capacity, snow powder, sand, tundra and swamps), regardless of the season, days and weather conditions. An all-terrain vehicle can swim across small water obstacles. The buoyancy of the PTS is ensured by the displacement of the wheels and the sealed boat body. Movement afloat is due to the rotation of the wheels.
The TTX Atlanta is a cost-effective, affordable, reliable, comfortable, highly efficient vehicle for performing a wide range of tasks and services where do not have a developed transport infrastructure.
21 - Yamal
Yamal uses special tires with ultra-low pressure wheels which allows to the vehicle to drive trough snow or any powdery surface of any depth, but also to float
Yamal is based on the UAZ 3163 Patriot and it is equipped with ZMZ 2.7 16V engine. Yamal is ready for normal use and for extreme all terrain use including as a floating vehicle. This car is not in current production
22 - Yemelya
Yemelya is an amphibious vehicle designed for transportation over ice floes and thin ice of the Arctic Ocean. Its six wheels are dressed with special low pressure tires inflated to 0,7 bar. The gross vehicle weight is under 1,5 tons while the total water displacement of the six inflated tires constitutes 4 tons resulting in the very shallow draft of the vehicle body in water - just 10 centimeters. Despite the large profile and windage characteristics of vehicle’s body, its spinning wheels are capable of propelling at the speed of 2-3 km/h on the open water. The vehicle tows three single-axel trailers each loaded with a pair of 200 L fuel barrels and six 130 L plastic containers for food and gear.
Inside Yemelya is a spacious, well insulated transport capable of accommodating Arctic travelers for extended periods of time with safety and comfort.
23 - Wanderer
To obtain the specified (by the all-terrain vehicle designation) indicators of patency - reliability - safety, the design is based on a laborious, but effective scheme of a two-section, articulated machine with longitudinal balancers and eight driving wheels. The engine is a VAZ-2103 1500cc
The transmission scheme is similar to the scheme used on the VAZ-21213 (Niva), with one single difference - the eight wheels are driven by four drive rollers attached to the standard axles of two axles. The ability to control the traction characteristics and the manage the additional support area for the wheels is carried out through the use of a centralized tire inflation system, controlled from the driver's seat
Low Pressure tires Vehicles
All-terrain vehicles on low-pressure tires are a fairly popular means of transportation in the conditions of our severe off-road conditions. Such an idea was born back in Soviet times. A lot of enthusiastic craftsmen assembled machines for personal use, even exhibitions of such vehicles were held. Alterations were made to factory models of motorcycles and cars.
In the end, a unique product came out that opened up unlimited possibilities in cross-country ability.
The history of all-terrain vehicles on low pressure tires
For a relatively short historical period, technological progress in the field of vehicles conquered all the elements - earth, water, air, as well as the outer space. But here's the paradox: when ocean liners at full speed stuck in icebergs, when airplanes ceased to be exotic, and cars strengthened both as luxury and as a means of transportation, only snowy plains remained unconquered. The task of minimizing the specific load of the wheels (skis) of the motor unit per square centimeter of snow seemed impossible.
Ernest Shackleton was chosen to be the leader of the British Imperial Antarctic Expedition that left for Antarctica in 1907 aboard the ship Nimrod.
The car was a modified Arrol-Johnston with 15 horsepower air cooled engine. It was donated for free and used as an advertisement. Unfortunately however the petrol engine had not been tested in extreme cold and a suitable system for providing traction in snow had not been devised and the car couldn't moved an inch
Eventually the car was used in few occasion because it could only run on hard smooth surfaces which are not so common in Antarctica.
Usually it was used as far as possible until the wheels became stuck in snow, finally this car only came within 150 kilometers of the pole, somestimes manhauling the sledge. Ironically suffering from overheating of the engine, so the men had to wait in the cold for it to cool down again before it could run.
The second attempt to conquer the snow plains was made thanks to the advent of the aircraft attaching to the sleigh an its engine, by the Russian engineer Kuzin in 1912. The idea for those times turned out to be so revolutionary that already during the Civil War, an entire commission was created to organize the construction of snowmobiles. Snowmobiles actively worked "in the north" as postman and, of course, for the war. However, the obvious drawbacks of this snowmobile: the ability to move only in open and level terrain and the inability to overcome a climb , stopped the development of this kind of vehicles.
In the post-war years, a wide variety of techniques were used: tracked, ski-tracked, etc. However, the most promising were the development of models of wheeled all-terrain vehicles on pneumatics.
Pneumatics are wheels of large radius and ultra-low pressure (from 0.15 to 0.5 atmospheres), allowing the machine not to fall through on loose snow, confidently move on the mud and even swim.
The idea was growing up by the popular thought. Back in the early 70s, the habitants of the north the country, who spent all their free time ice-fishing on the seaside for long winters, trimmed the cameras from the truck to the motorcycle, and they got the so-called karakat - a machine that can easily move through the fluffy snow, not drowning in it and quite nimble (speed reached 25 km / h). And so that the camera after inflation did not inflate to the size of a giant donut, it was tied by belts around the entire circumference. These belts, by the way, did an excellent job because the wheels did not slip in the snow.
Without reinventing the wheel, Arktiktrans replaced the motorcycle with an useless motorbike and the snow-and-swamp vehicle “Nara” turned out, a floating all-terrain vehicle on low-pressure tires. The base for it was the rather light motorized stroller SMZ S-3D.
The word "snow and swamp truck" was born during the certification of the product: there were snowmobiles, swamps too, but the world had never seen such a thing. Small all-terrain vehicles "Nara", made on the basis of a motorbike were bought by geologists and residents of the northern regions.
The "Artic" model was an already quite industrial development made by ecommissioned combat aircrafts. So “karakat” found a cabin-body made of a MiG-23 fuel tank, sawn in half.
The most important thing with this kind of vehicles was their fantastic cross-country ability. Due to the low pressure, the pneumatics seem to flatten out on the surface, forming a large contact spot. And without that, the mass of the all-terrain vehicle, distributed over several of these same spots, creates a specific pressure on the soil several times lower than it will put pressure on the same soil of the wheelprint.
Moreover, a large contact surface allows you to implement significant traction to drag a trailer with a considerable load.
But that is not all. Pneumatics allow the these cars to easily swim without even touching the bottom of the water surface. In this case, they act both as a mover and as a displacement volume. Float pneumatics plunge into the water somewhere up to half their diameter and work like the wheels of a steamer
Other Russian manufacturers of all-terrain vehicles have taken the path of creating prototype cars, that is, automobiles that are recognized as Niv and UAZ bodies. Either the native body or the Niva’s cab is placed on the frame from the UAZ, and the bridges are raised so that the wheels are nicely sized - just gigantic - 1300 mm in diameter, 600 mm wide.
These monsters are super-effective on the snow. These cars weigh almost 2.5 tons and there are not very comfortable in the cabin. A huge spare wheel takes up the entire rear compartment of the cab.
Below, we show you a series of vehicles of this kind. Regardless of the year of construction or if they are homemade cars or not
Here you can see the biggest compilation of this unusual kind of vehicles, with more than 20 modern Tire Low Pressure SUV manufacturers mostly in Russia.